Yi-Ju Cheng
Department of Psychology Kaohsiung Medical University
Yu-Che Tsai
Department of Psychology Kaohsiung Medical University

Self-control is the ability to adjust behavior to continuously pursue long-term and meaningful personal goals. Self-control helps individuals avoid negative results and promote positive outcomes. Therefore, the enhancing of self-control has been widely studied. This study investigates the Cybernetic Process Model of Self-Control and attempts to translate it into a training course. To determine the immediate and lasting effect of the training, measurements were taken immediately after the course, one month after, and three months after. A total of 34 participants took part in our six-week training, two hours per week. Another 23 participants, who did not take the course, were measured as a control group. The results showed significant improvement in the self-control scale in the experiment group compared to the control group during each stage measured. The experiment group’s performance on the handgrip task also had greater improvement than the other group. Overall, the training course proves to be effective, reliable, and worthy of adoption.

keywords: handgrip task, intervention, self-control, willpower

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